Melbourne - Novak Djokovic and Serena Williams launched their Australian Open campaigns in style on Tuesday as Ivo Karlovic smashed a record 75 aces in an unprecedented, 84-game marathon.
Djokovic and Williams have both dropped to world number two and faced awkward opposition, but they won in straight sets against Fernando Verdasco and Belinda Bencic respectively.
Rafael Nadal also rolled into round two before Karlovic outlasted Horacio Zeballos in an epic that stretched for five hours, 15 minutes and ended 6-7 (6/8), 3-6, 7-5, 6-2, 22-20.
Karlovic beat Thomas Johansson's Australian Open record of 51 aces in a match, set in 2005, and 84 games was a new mark for the tournament in the tiebreak era, edging the 83 in Andy Roddick's 2003 defeat of Younes El Aynaoui.
It was one of the longest matches in the tournament's history in terms of time, although still short of the five hours, 53 minutes played by Djokovic and Nadal in the 2012 men's final.
The denouement, when it finally came, was almost comical as an exhausted Karlovic chipped a hopeful lob over Zeballos, only for the Argentine to send a wayward forehand rocketing out of the court.
"This is what I will, after my career, remember. If it was easy match or I lost easy, I wouldn't remember. But this one definitely I will remember forever," said the Croatian.
As the drama played out on Court 19, Djokovic gave further evidence of his return to form as he convincingly saw off Verdasco 6-1, 7-6 (7/4), 6-2 on Rod Laver Arena.
Djokovic fell off the top of the rankings during a sudden slump last year but he showed signs of a revival by beating new world number one Andy Murray in this month's Doha final.
He fended off five match points against Verdasco in the Doha semis, and had to fight through a 71-minute second set against the Spanish left-hander for his win on Tuesday.
It was Djokovic's 15th straight win at the Australian Open as he seeks his third straight title and his seventh overall, which would break Roy Emerson's record set in the 1960s.
"I'm very pleased with the first round, considering I had one of the toughest first-round draws, definitely considering his form, how well he played against me in Doha," Djokovic said.
In afternoon play, Williams and Nadal made light of hot temperatures and doubts over their own form as they got off to sizzling starts.
Williams, back after an injury lay-off, demolished the dangerous Bencic 6-4, 6-3, while Nadal was also impressive in his 6-3, 6-4, 6-4 win over Florian Mayer.
Williams has barely played since her shock defeat in the US Open semi-finals in September and she made, by one count, 88 unforced errors in her second-round loss to Madison Brengle at this month's Auckland Classic.
But she came through a tight first set against Bencic before dominating the second in what turned out to be an emphatic victory on the centre court.
The 35-year-old American, with a record 23rd major title in her sights, was watched from courtside by her new fiance, Reddit co-founder Alexis Ohanian.
"Right now I've got nothing to lose. Every match, every tournament I'm playing for fun," she said.
Williams, who can break Steffi Graf's Open-era record of 22 Grand Slam titles if she wins in Melbourne for the seventh time, next faces Lucie Safarova, who saved nine match points before beating Yanina Wickmayer.
Men's world number three Milos Raonic, a semi-finalist last year, enjoyed an uncomplicated start to his campaign when he beat Germany's Dustin Brown 6-3, 6-4, 6-2.
And German hotshot Alexander Zverev credited a racquet-smashing tantrum with sparking his revival as he came back to beat Robin Haase 6-2, 3-6, 5-7, 6-3, 6-2.
Injury-hit Nadal had a torrid 2016, failing to reach any of the Grand Slam quarter-finals, but he appeared rejuvenated under new coach and former world number one Carlos Moya.
In the final match on centre court, Polish third seed Agnieszka Radwanska beat Bulgaria's Tsvetana Pironkova, 6-1, 4-6, 6-1.
Collated results from the Australian Open on Tuesday:
Donald Young (USA) bt Thomas Fabbiano (ITA) 6-4, 7-6 (7/1), 6-4
Philipp Kohlschreiber (GER x32) bt Nikoloz Basilashvili (GEO) 6-4, 3-6, 7-6 (7/2), 6-4
Alexander Zverev (GER x24) bt Robin Haase (NED) 6-2, 3-6, 5-7, 6-3, 6-2
Francis Tiafoe (USA) bt Mikhail Kukushkin (KAZ) 6-1, 6-7 (3/7), 6-3, 6-2
Marcos Baghdatis (CYP) bt Mikhail Youzhny (RUS) 6-3, 3-0 ret
Rafael Nadal (ESP x9) bt Florian Mayer (GER) 6-3, 6-4, 6-4
Roberto Bautista (ESP x13) bt Guido Pella (ARG) 6-3, 6-1, 6-1
Yoshihito Nishioka (JPN) bt Alex Bolt (AUS) 6-4, 1-6, 6-2, 6-4
Gilles Simon (FRA x25) bt Michael Mmoh (USA) 6-1, 6-3, 6-3
Rogerio Dutra Silva (BRA) bt Jared Donaldson (USA) 3-6, 0-6, 6-1, 6-4, 6-4
Gilles Muller (LUX) bt Taylor Fritz (USA) 7-6 (8/6), 7-6 (7/5), 6-3
Milos Raonic (CAN x3) bt Dustin Brown (GER) 6-3, 6-4, 6-2
Dominic Thiem (AUT x8) bt Jan-Lennard Struff (GER) 4-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-3
Andrew Whittington (AUS) bt Adam Pavlasek (CZE) 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3
Radek Stepanek (CZE) bt Dmitry Tursunov (RUS) 6-2, 7-6 (7/1), 6-3
David Goffin (BEL x11) bt Reilly Opelka (USA) 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 4-6, 6-4
Carlos Berlocq (ARG) bt Radu Albot (MDA) 6-4, 7-6 (7/4), 5-7, 7-6 (10/8)
Richard Gasquet (FRA x18) bt Blake Mott (AUS) 6-4, 6-4, 6-2
Pablo Carreno-Busta (ESP x30) bt Peter Polansky (CAN) 6-0, 3-6, 3-6, 6-2, 3-0 ret
Kyle Edmund (GBR) bt Santiago Giraldo (COL) 6-2, 7-5, 6-3
Oleksandr Dolgopolov Jr. (UKR) bt Borna Coric (CRO) 6-3, 6-4, 3-6, 7-6 (9/7)
Ernesto Escobedo (USA) bt Daniil Medvedev (RUS) 7-5, 4-6, 7-6 (7/5), 6-1
David Ferrer (ESP x21) bt Omar Jasika (AUS) 6-3, 6-0, 6-2
Jordan Thompson (AUS) bt Joao Sousa (POR) 6-7 (2/7), 4-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-1
Hyeon Chung (KOR) bt Renzo Olivo (ARG) 6-2, 6-3, 6-2
Gael Monfils (FRA x6) bt Jiri Vesely (CZE) 6-2, 6-3, 6-2
Novak Djokovic (SRB x2) bt Fernando Verdasco (ESP) 6-1, 7-6 (7/4), 6-2
Denis Istomin (UZB) bt Ivan Dodig (CRO) 6-1, 6-4, 3-6, 7-5
Grigor Dimitrov (BUL x15) bt Christopher O'Connell (AUS) 7-6 (7/2), 6-3, 6-3
Ivo Karlovic (CRO x20) bt Horacio Zeballos (ARG) 6-7 (6/8), 3-6, 7-5, 6-2, 22-20
Benot Paire (FRA) bt Tommy Haas (GER) 7-6 (7/2), 6-4, 0-0 abandon
Fabio Fognini (ITA) bt Feliciano Lopez (ESP x28) 7-5, 6-3, 7-5
Karolina Pliskova (CZE x5) bt Sara Sorribes (ESP) 6-2, 6-0
Anna Blinkova (RUS) bt Monica Niculescu (ROM) 6-2, 4-6, 6-4
Jelena Ostapenko (LAT) bt Zhu Lin (CHN) 6-4, 6-0
Yulia Putintseva (KAZ x31) bt Lara Arruabarrena (ESP) 7-6 (9/7), 7-6 (12/10)
Elena Vesnina (RUS x14) bt Ana Bogdan (ROM) 7-5, 6-2
Mandy Minella (LUX) bt Magda Linette (POL) 7-5, 6-4
Heather Watson (GBR) bt Samantha Stosur (AUS x18) 6-3, 3-6, 6-0
Alize Cornet (FRA x28) bt Myrtille Georges (FRA) 6-3, 4-6, 6-1
Maria Sakkari (GRE) bt Anett Kontaveit (EST) 6-0, 6-4
Dominika Cibulkova (SVK x6) bt Denisa Allertova (CZE) 7-5, 6-2
Hsieh Su-Wei (TPE) bt Karin Knapp (ITA) 6-3, 2-0 ret
Sara Errani (ITA) bt Risa Ozaki (JPN) 7-5, 6-1
Ekaterina Makarova (RUS x30) bt Ekaterina Alexandrova (RUS) 6-0, 4-6, 6-1
Caroline Wozniacki (DEN x17) bt Arina Rodionova (AUS) 6-1, 6-2
Donna Vekic (CRO) bt Lizette Cabrera (AUS) 7-5, 6-2
Naomi Osaka (JPN) bt Luksika Kumkhum (THA) 6-7 (2/7), 6-4, 7-5
Johanna Konta (GBR x9) bt Kirsten Flipkens (BEL) 7-5, 6-2
Oceane Dodin (FRA) bt Cagla Buyukakcay (TUR) 7-5, 6-7 (1/7), 6-2
Caroline Garcia (FRA x21) bt Kateryna Bondarenko (UKR) 7-6 (7/4), 6-4
Nicole Gibbs (USA) bt Timea Babos (HUN x25) 7-6 (7/3), 6-4
Irina Falconi (USA) bt Han Xinyun (CHN) 6-1, 7-5
Lucie Safarova (CZE) bt Yanina Wickmayer (BEL) 3-6, 7-6 (9/7), 6-1
Serena Williams (USA x2) bt Belinda Bencic (SUI) 6-4, 6-3
Ana Konjuh (CRO) bt Kristina Mladenovic (FRA) 6-4, 6-2
Danka Kovinic (MNE) bt Zheng Saisai (CHN) 6-0, 6-4
Timea Bacsinszky (SUI x12) bt Camila Giorgi (ITA) 6-4, 3-6, 7-5
Jennifer Brady (USA) bt Maryna Zanevska (BEL) 6-3, 6-2
Daria Gavrilova (AUS x22) bt Naomi Broady (GBR) 3-6, 6-4, 7-5
Barbora Strycova (CZE x16) bt Elizaveta Kulichkova (RUS) 6-3, 6-2
Andrea Petkovic (GER) bt Kayla Day (USA) 6-3, 6-2
Agnieszka Radwanska (POL x3) bt Tsvetana Pironkova (BUL) 6-1, 4-6, 6-1
Mirjana Lucic-Baroni (CRO) bt Wang Qiang CHN) 4-6, 6-3, 6-4