Montreal - Russia was the top drugs offender in 2014 accounting for 148 of the
1 693 doping violations recorded, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
said on Wednesday.
Athletics and bodybuilding were the worst
offenders, accounting for more than 400 of the violations between them
in WADA's annual report for 2014.
Russia, which could miss the Rio
Olympics athletics because of a doping scandal, was followed by Italy
(123), India (96), Belgium (91), France (91), Turkey (73), Australia
(49), China (49), Brazil (46) and South Korea (43) as the top 10
In total, individuals from 109 countries across 83 sports committed anti-doping rule violations.
total of 1 462 of the doping violations arose through adverse
analytical findings in conventional drug tests, while 231 were uncovered
through evidence-based intelligence such as evading or refusing to
submit a sample.
WADA Director General David Howman said the
evidence-based violations highlighted "the increasing importance of
non-analytical approaches to anti-doping."
"The report also reminds us of the importance of values-based education to prevention and risk minimisation," said Howman.
place at the top of the doping charts comes with the country battling
to ensure its track and field athletes are allowed to compete in the
Olympics in August.
The International Association of Athletics
Federations (IAAF) is to rule in June on Russia's participation in the
Games amid calls for their athletes to be banned.
were banned from competing internationally last year after an
independent commission chaired by ex-WADA chief Dick Pound found
evidence of state-sponsored doping in the country.
report accused Russia of "sabotaging" the 2012 London Olympics by
allowing the participation of several athletes with suspicious blood
biological passport results.
It also accused staff at Russia's
main anti-doping laboratory of "aiding and abetting" drug cheats. The
Russian Sports Ministry was also accused of issuing orders to
"manipulate particular samples."
WADA earlier this month revoked
the Moscow laboratory's accreditation due to "non-compliance with the
International Standard for Laboratories and the related Technical