Spielberg - Marc Marquez will start the Austrian MotoGP from pole after Honda's world champion posted a new lap record time in qualifying on Saturday to overtake Mick Doohan's record with his 59th pole in the top division.
The Spaniard, who holds a commanding 63-point lead in his hunt for a sixth MotoGP world title, is seeking his first ever win in Austria but his seventh of 2019.
Marquez secured his landmark pole in style with a fastest ever lap at the Red Bull Ring of 1:23.027, having topped all four practice sessions.
"I produced what was a really very good lap. I made a minor mistake in the last sector but I had a good rhythm," he said.
He had drawn level with retired Australian Doohan's tally at Brno last time out.
The Lewis Hamilton of the two-wheel fastlane is joined on the front row by Fabio Quartararo, the French rookie with Yamaha's satellite SRT team, who pushed factory Ducati rider Andrea Dovizioso into third with his final lap.
"This front row is like pole for me," the talented Frenchman told Canal+.
"I'm happy because I never thought I could make the front row in Austria and we've succeeded."
Ducati are seeking their fourth straight win in Austria, but they appear to have their work cut out with Marquez's Honda a sizeable 0.434sec clear of Quartararo.
The second row is occupied by Maverick Vinales (Yamaha), Francesco Bagnaia (Ducati-Pramac) and Takaaki Nakagami (Honda-LCR).
Honda's German test driver Stefan Bradl, who is replacing Marquez's injured Repsol Honda team-mate Jorge Lorenzo, starts in 21st and last place in this 11th instalment of the 19-race season.
Italian MotoGP legend Valentino Rossi was looking good for a prominent starting position in Q2 before having to settle for 10th on his factory Yamaha.
Leading grid positions for Sunday's Austrian MotoGP after qualifying at Spielberg on Saturday:
1. Marc Marquez (ESP/Honda), 2. Fabio Quartararo (FRA/Yamaha-SRT), 3. Andrea Doviziosio (ITA/Ducati)
4. Maverick Vinales (ESP/Yamaha), 5. Francesco Bagnaia (ITA/Ducati-Pramac), 6. Takaaki Nakagami (JPN/Honda-LCR)
7. Alex Rins (ESP/Suzuki), 8. Jack Miller (AUS/Ducati-Pramac), 9. Cal Crutchlow (GBR/Honda-LCR)
10.Valentino Rossi (ITA/Yamaha), 11. Pol Espargaro (ESP/KTM), 12. Danilo Petrucci (ITA/Ducati)
1. Tetsuta Nagashima (JPN/Kalex), 2. Brad Binder (RSA/KTM), 3. Somkiat Chantra (THA/Kalex)
4. Enea Bastianini (ITA/Kalex), 5. Thomas Luthi (SUI/Kalex), 6. Lorenzo Baldassarri (ITA/Kalex)
7. Xavi Vierge (ESP/Kalex), 8. Jorge Navarro (ESP/Speed Up), 9. Remy Gardner (AUS/Kalex)
1. Romano Fenati (ITA/Honda), 2. Jaume Masia (ESP/KTM), 3. John McPhee (GBR/Honda)
4. Kaito Toba (JPN/Honda), 5. Tatsuki Suzuki (JPN/Honda), 6. Tony Arbolino (ITA/Honda)
7. Lorenzo Dalla Porta (ITA/Honda), 8. Raul Fernandez (ESP/KTM), 9. Celestino Vietti (ITA/KTM)