Abu Dhabi - Nico Hulkenberg may not have won Sunday's season-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, but his pragmatic drive for sixth secured increased championship prize money and a controversial post-race row.
The German driver ran off circuit and gained an advantage when he passed Sergio Perez's Force India early in the race - a move that resulted in a stewards' investigation.
Most observers expected him to be forced to hand his place back to Perez, but instead he was handed a five second penalty and went on to finish sixth.
It was a result that was good enough for his Renault team to leap ahead of Toro Rosso and take sixth place in the constructors' championship.
That success, estimated by paddock experts to be worth at least an additional €7.2 million, left Force India boss Otmar Szafneuer enraged.
He said: "It makes a mockery of the sport to have it so inconsistent.
"Hulkenberg cuts a corner, the FIA don't do anything about it and guess what? They gain a place in the constructors' championship, which means more money and more competitiveness next year."
Renault chief Cyril Abiteboul said: "There was a penalty decided and we served the penalty..."
Hulkenberg said he felt the penalty was fair.
"It's always different car, different perspective. I saw he was locking up and running wide. I had nowhere to go... I think the five seconds was fair."
The two drivers were team-mates at Force India last year.
Renault had started the race with a four points deficit to Toro Rosso, but finished it in front by four.
Results from the season-closing Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on Sunday:
1. Valtteri Bottas (FIN/Mercedes) 1hr 34min 14.062sec, 2.
Lewis Hamilton (GBR/Mercedes) at 3.899sec, 3. Sebastian Vettel
(GER/Ferrari) 19.330, 4. Kimi Räikkönen (FIN/Ferrari) 45.386, 5. Max
Verstappen (NED/Red Bull) 46.269, 6. Nico Hülkenberg (GER/Renault)
1:25.713, 7. Sergio Pérez (MEX/Force India) 1:32.062, 8. Esteban Ocon
(FRA/Force India) 1:38.911, 9. Fernando Alonso (ESP/McLaren) 1 lap, 10.
Felipe Massa (BRA/Williams) 1 lap, 11. Romain Grosjean (FRA/Haas) 1 lap,
12. Stoffel Vandoorne (BEL/McLaren) 1 lap, 13. Kevin Magnussen
(DEN/Haas) 1 lap, 14. Pascal Wehrlein (GER/Sauber) 1 lap, 15. Brendon
Hartley (NZL/Toro Rosso) 1 lap, 16. Pierre Gasly (FRA/Toro Rosso) 1 lap,
17. Marcus Ericsson (SWE/Sauber) 1 lap, 18. Lance Stroll (CAN/Williams)
1. Lewis Hamilton (GBR) 363 pts - world champion, 2. Sebastian Vettel
(GER) 317, 3. Valtteri Bottas (FIN) 305, 4. Kimi Räikkönen (FIN) 205,
5. Daniel Ricciardo (AUS) 200, 6. Max Verstappen (NED) 168, 7. Sergio
Pérez (MEX) 100, 8. Esteban Ocon (FRA) 87, 9. Carlos Sainz Jr (ESP) 54,
10. Nico Hülkenberg (GER) 43, 11. Felipe Massa (BRA) 43, 12. Lance
Stroll (CAN) 40, 13. Romain Grosjean (FRA) 28, 14. Kevin Magnussen (DEN)
19, 15. Fernando Alonso (ESP) 17, 16. Stoffel Vandoorne (BEL) 13, 17.
Jolyon Palmer (GBR) 8, 18. Pascal Wehrlein (GER) 5, 19. Daniil Kvyat
1. Mercedes 668 pts - world champions, 2. Ferrari 522, 3. Red Bull
368, 4. Force India 187, 5. Williams 83, 6. Renault 57, 7. Toro Rosso
53, 8. Haas 47, 9. McLaren 30, 10. Sauber 5