London - England were set a target of 283 to win the first Test after bowling out Pakistan for 215 in their second innings on the fourth day at Lord's on Sunday.
Pakistan, 214 for eight overnight, lost their last two wickets for just one run in 13 balls during Sunday's opening 10 minutes.
Stuart Broad struck twice in two balls with Yasir Shah, failing to add to his overnight Test-best 30 not out, and Mohammad Amir (one) both caught behind by wicket-keeper Jonny Bairstow.
Pace-bowling all-rounder Chris Woakes led England off the field after taking five for 32 for a match haul of 11 for 112.
England now needed to surpass their record fourth innings-winning chase in a Lord's Test of 282 for three against New Zealand in 2004 if they were to go 1-0 up in this four-match series.